Area of a Triangle
Here is a general formula to calculate the area, A, of a triangle with width w and height h as shown in the diagram.
A = ½ wh
In order to work out the area of a triangle we can draw it within a rectangle that touches all three corners and has a base of equal width as shown below.
From this diagram we can now consider the are of the triangle on the left and the one on the right seperatley and then add them together to get the area of the whole triangle. We can see that each of these triangles cuts the rectangle they are in in half so they half the area of that rectangle,
ie) the left hand triangle has the area ha/2 and the right hand one has the area hb/2 so the total are of the triangle is
A = ha/2 + hb/2
Now we can take out the h/2 as a common factor to get
A =(a+b) h/2
but a+b = w since that was how the triangle was constructed hence we get the formula for the area
A = wh/2